Have You Considered a Historic Neighborhood for Your Small House?

by Jo-Anne Peck, President of Historic Shed Custom Outbuildings

There comes a time when anyone who dreams of living in a small house has to ask the question, “Where will I put my tiny house?” When choosing to site build a little house, this becomes an ever bigger question since zoning codes and neighborhood association rules are often at odds with small house goals. As a result, many tiny house people look to rural areas where restrictions may be less stringent. However, not everyone prefers country living, and site development costs for utilities can be prohibitive on undeveloped land.

historic home

For those that would rather live within more established areas, close to walkable stores and with sociable neighbors, older and historic neighborhoods may be a good choice for building a new small home. The average size of an American single-family home has grown exponentially over the years, but most of our ancestors managed to live in much less square footage, often with much larger families. Therefore, there are many established neighborhoods with precedent for small homes. Historically laid out with small lots (for example, much of the historic core of Lake Worth, FL was platted with 25′ wide lots), local zoning in designated historic districts is often tailored so that new construction within the district remains in scale with the historically smaller homes in the neighborhood. In addition, many historic neighborhoods also allow accessory structures behind the main home that can be even tinier than the main home.

Greer Cottage

Some historic neighborhoods have few available empty lots, while others have many vacant lots available due to fires, demolitions, or never having been fully developed. It may take some diligence on your part to find the right spot, but with careful consideration you will likely find an affordable lot in an up-and-coming older neighborhood that suits you perfectly.

Benefits of building a small house within a historic district:

  • Site utilities are already in place, saving on development costs
  • Established neighborhoods have sidewalks and mature trees
  • Zoning laws are commonly adapted to lot sizes and the scale of surrounding properties, allowing for smaller footprints
  • Historic neighborhoods are often within walking distance to stores and restaurants reducing or eliminating the need for a car
  • Neighbors to look out for you and socialize with; many historic preservation proponents have similar mindsets to tiny house people
  • Historic District design standards direct the area’s future development which often helps to maintain economic stability
  • Many historic districts allow for accessory dwellings behind the main residence that can be even smaller than the main house, allowing for rental income or a co-op living arrangement
  • Property values are based on livability, aesthetics and historic character rather than a “bigger is better” mentality
  • When looking for a lot for your small house, you may find the perfect little house already in existence waiting for your loving touch – historic preservation is the ultimate recycling project

When looking for an appropriate historic neighborhood to build in consider the following:

  • Look for a neighborhood of predominantly smaller homes; neighborhoods with shotgun style or bungalows are generally suitable
  • Neighborhoods platted from the 1890s to 1930s developed for working class residents often have small lots suited for smaller homes
  • Irregular or previously subdivided lots, often called “non-conforming” by zoning standards, may be perfect for construction of a small house and very affordable
  • Look for an “up and coming” neighborhood, preferably with an active neighborhood association for more affordable property
  • Avoid neighborhoods where the trend has been to demolish the older small homes and replace them with “McMansions”
  • Avoid neighborhoods where new additions to existing homes are equal to or bigger than the original historic home
  • Look at the architectural style of surrounding homes; you will likely be required to build a home with similar scale and shape (i.e. if most of the homes have gable roofs, yours will more likely meet design requirements if it also has a gable roof)
  • Talk to local Zoning officials to find out minimum and maximum lot coverage, setbacks, parking requirements and other site development regulations before you buy
  • Talk to the local Historic Preservation office to learn about design guidelines for infill construction within the neighborhood before you design your small home
  • Consider buying a lot with an existing home and build a tiny house behind to provide rental income if zoning allows

For those interested in living more economically in a smaller footprint without having to build from scratch, looking for a house in a historic district may be a great opportunity to both live in an attractive home and neighborhood and to recycle an entire house. If the perfect house doesn’t already exist, or is not within budget, building a new small house within a historic district may be just the right combination.

Visit Historic Shed’s website  http://historicshed.com/

historic duplex

22 Comments Have You Considered a Historic Neighborhood for Your Small House?

  1. Julia

    These are all good suggestions, but I would think that buying a lot in a centrally located historic neighborhood would be expensive. For me, a big part of the appeal of a tiny house is that I could build one without going into debt. Having to purchase a pricey lot to put it on seems to make that impossible.

    Reply
    1. Amanda

      That really depends on the city and the specific neighbourhood. The benefit of living in an established neighbourhood if the lots are affordable is that the servicing is already there which saves costs on water/sewer/etc. and having shops, places of emplyment and other community services can save you money in other ways (specfically transportation – depending on your situation you may be able to do without a vehicle entirely). If part of your reason for choosing a small or tiny house is that you want to be environmentally responsible, then this type of living has many ecological benefits.

      That being said, the city I live in has a city wide 600 sq ft minimum for single family homes, even in my inner city neighbourhood (although there are several homes near me that are around 400 sq ft. that predate the bylaw) and this is one reason we are unlikely to build here or settle here permanently.

      Reply
  2. Liz

    Yes, you can build the house without going into debt, but improving a piece of land is very expensive. This is just one alternative among many.

    Reply
  3. Tim

    In considering housing for myself, I am looking for an older/smaller home in the city that has been added onto. In most cases, I can remove the additions (or even a second story) to create a small home to suite my needs/desires and the “new” creation is allowed because I am altering an existing/permitted property. Smaller square footage, lower taxes, less upkeep, more efficient, still scaled to the neighborhood, often an act of restoring a home to its original size/shape/architecture. Such a strategy becomes a workable alternative to zoning & preservation officials.

    Reply
  4. Darrell

    Here in Texas, I can’t remember which city it was, but people were buying property in the very old neighborhoods, and building McMansions on it. If there was a house there, they would tear it down. That cause a pretty big uproar in those areas. The people that lived there didn’t like that plan at all.

    Reply
  5. Dave

    Here in Tampa there are several streets of old “cracker houses” that average 10×25 (usually with another 5-8′ of front porch). The construction and layout are very simple – you walk from the porch to the combination kitchen/living room, then to the bedroom, then the bathroom straight back. Usually they’re made of cement block with plaster and lath interior walls. They’re little, efficient, and amazingly hurricane resistant.

    Sadly, the trend is to buy three of them and knock them down to replace with boxy, poorly constructed Spanish imitation style McMansions (with hurricane ratings artificially inflated by poor fenestration – but don’t get me started on that).

    I’ve often considered buying one and fixing it up nice, but even the ones in bad neighborhoods (the only place they haven’t all been leveled) are prohibitively expensive.

    Reply
  6. John

    Many of the older houses in many rural communities are small enough to be considered “small houses” here.

    Why build? Buy one of them ready made in the historic section, for cheap, in town, in many Montana towns (such as Anaconda). They are often cheaper than many “tiny houses” that I’ve seen here. For example, 2 bed 1 bath, 975sq feet, $31,500.
    [ http://hotpads.com/real-estate/406-Chestnut-Anaconda-MT--5a7g607q082we ]
    If you want to go “fixer-upper” then you can get deals like 1 bed 1 bath 616sqft $20,000 (Also in Anaconda.)

    Reply
  7. Pingback: Tiny House Movement Drawing Bigger Following in U.S.MintPress

  8. Deek

    Also, in several areas of Montana, I’m sure you can do whatever you want building wise- heck you could buy your own town! Never been out there, I hear its AMAZING. Ever since Steinbeck went on and on about Montana in “Travels With Charley” I’ve wanted to visit…
    Good post Jo-Anne!

    Reply
  9. Jo-Anne Peck (@HistoricShed)

    Thank you everyone for your feedback on this post. It’s interesting to hear the perspectives from different areas of the country. There is definitely a wide range of prices and regulations from neighborhood to neighborhood, even within individual towns.

    I particularly like the concept of taking an existing home and making it smaller by removing additions. The 3rd image in this post (yellow with two doors) is the birthplace of Abner Doubleday in Ballston Spa, NY. By my guesstimates, it was about 250 sf originally with an attic loft. There is a rear addition that brings it up to about 500 sf now. Removing the addition would get you down not just to small status, but into the tiny realm. And you could make the case that you were restoring it to the time period when Doubleday lived there.

    Reply
  10. Jim

    New Castle, Delaware is an historic town (developed between 1651 and mid 1900′s) with a few vacant lots. Prices are higher than say Anaconda, but you’re near Washington, Philadelphia and Wilmington, the town itself has restaurants, charm, walkability and an amazing range of housing: Georgian colonial from 1750-1800 to kit homes from the 1920′s. Lot width vary from 20-30′, and I believe the minimum size of new homes in the historic district is zoned 1700sf. So perhaps small, not tiny, not big.

    Reply
  11. Abel Zyl Zimmerman

    Around Olympia, the central historic neighborhoods have the larger houses (and higher real property prices). It is the neighborhoods on the hillsides overlooking downtown that are more affordable. However, buying a lot (80k-150k) and then developing costs much. Just permits and fees can be 35k.

    It is far cheaper to build an accessory dwelling on a property which already has a house. Fortunately, Olympia is fairly amenable to this. Development fees are much lower for these ‘mother in law’ houses.

    Also, lots of people around here convert garages to apartments. And if the county assessor wanders by later, you should just fess up and say so. It amounts to a little more property tax, and they always seem to find out sooner or later.

    It is far cheaper yet to build something under the 200 sq ft “no permit required” threshold. Still you have to mind setbacks (distance to property line, street, alley.) And this would seem to work best on an already developed lot. You might have to call it an art studio… officially, But it works!

    I am always hoping for better ways of building and living without beaucoup DEBT.

    Reply
  12. Suzanne D.

    The colonial and early American areas of Philadelphia are full of little homes, many well under 1,000 square feet. Owning an older historic home is sort of like recycling, which is never a bad thing and it’s really important to preserve our architectural history. Little homes make that possible for people, so inclined, who might not have the budget for something larger or detatched.

    Reply
  13. Pingback: Little Houses: Small, Hand Built, and Mortgage-Free | Creative Handmade Studio

  14. Pingback: Little Houses: Small, Hand-Built, and Mortgage-Free | Xcuz Me

  15. Pingback: Little Homes: Small, Hand-Constructed, and Mortgage-Free | JanNews Blog

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>