How-To wash dishes in the Tiny House

Paper -vs- Plastic. Hand washing -vs- Dish washing. Cloth Towel -vs- Paper Towel. We have all heard the seemingly timeless debates. But recently several studies have come out in the UK showing that dishwashing is better and more efficient than hand washing. Yet others have come out showing that handwashing is more eco-friendly than dishwashing. Why the difference?

In the first study, the most careful hot-water handwashing just about beats a fully loaded dishwasher. This is partly because most people (in the UK at least) do their manual washing up using hot water heated by a gas-fired boiler, whereas dishwashers heat water from cold using electricity. The second study however favors dishwashing because it uses only half the water and only 1/6 of the energy. Much of this matters not though when you consider the cost of an Energy Star dishwasher.

Some of us simply cannot afford dishwashers or live in homes that are too small to fit one. At Tiny r(E)volution we have even talked about some sink choices and how they may impact the ways in which we wash. So, it stands to reason that most Tiny Houses would be just one of those homes. So how can we, the dishwasherless, clean our dishes in an eco-friendly manner?

Use Eco-Friendly Dishwashing Soap. While I admittedly not used the following five green dishwashing soaps I have used three and have researched the other two. They are all affordable (less than $5 per bottle), come in 100% recyclable containers, and smell pleasant without leaving sensory residue behind.

  • Method Dishwashing Liquid in Go Naked
  • Seventh Generation Dish Soap, Lavender Floral and Mint
  • Planet Ultra Dishwashing Liquid, Hypo-Allergenic
  • LifeTree Dish Soap
  • Mrs. Meyer’s Clean Day Dish Soap

Use less water. You don’t need to fill the sink up to the brim. A half-sink full of water is enough, even less if possible. I think about all the times my family went camping. Momma had one dish pan and we only filled it about half way. This took care of all plates, bowls, and utensils. If she had a pot or pan to clean she would put a small amount of water inside the pot or pan along with some dish soap. It was almost an instant sink and a great use of space.

The Dip-Cup Technique. Fill one large glass with soap and water. Get a scrub brush. Dip the brush into the glass. Scrub dish. Repeat. I don’t particularly like this method unless I only have 3-4 dishes/silverware to clean. The water quickly gets dirty and oily.

One Rinse Method. Instead of rinsing off every dish one and at a time, try rinsing the entire dish rack at once. Once you’ve washed the dishes, give the dishes a quick once-over with the spray nozzle or the “dip-cup” to remove soap.

Recycle the shower water. Okay. I know how it sounds. But don’t do your dishes in the shower. Instead, after you’ve cleaned your hair and body and the majority of that soap is gone, plug the drain. Finish your shower. Put the leftover hot water in a pan. Boil it. Put water in sink. Do your dishes. Yes, it is a little more time consuming. However, if water conservation is what you are looking to do, this is a great option!

And what about your preferred method of washing? Do you have one? Is your dishwasher something you couldn’t live without? Do you know of a soap that was overlooked in #1? If so, let us know. And as always, please share this link or Tweet out the link so that others can read as well!

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Bigger does not always mean better. Progress does not always mean forgetting our roots in order to forge a new future. Blogger, photojournalist, and hobby farmer Andrew Odom has spent much of the last few years rediscovering the lost art of living, growing, and being truly happy. Visit him online, find him on Facebook, or follow him on Twitter.

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Rando - July 29, 2011 Reply

I do have a dishwasher but I only use it when guests have been and there are LOTS of dishes to wash. 98% of the time, I use a dish pan. Fill it half way and set it in the sink. When I’m ready to rinse, I take the another dishpan and rinse with COLD water catching the water. When the rinse pan is half full of water I use a “dip cup” to rinse the remaining dishes. When I’m done, I pour the (cooled) sudsy wash water and cool rinse water on potted plants. Oddly enough, the sudsy dish water keeps most common plant pests at bay! I’m investigating now how to re-channel my shower drain to a cistern so I can water my outdoor garden with “reclaimed” shower water.

    anotherkinodfdrew - July 29, 2011 Reply

    You could also go the route of a deep, leech pit Rando. Cisterns can be quite expensive and difficult to maintain. With a leech pit you would have to check with zoning ordinances though.

Rando - July 29, 2011 Reply

I do have a dishwasher but I only use it when guests have been and there are LOTS of dishes to wash. 98% of the time, I use a dish pan. Fill it half way and set it in the sink. When I’m ready to rinse, I take another dishpan and rinse with COLD water catching the water. When the rinse pan is half full of water I use a “dip cup” to rinse the remaining dishes. When I’m done, I pour the (cooled) sudsy wash water and cool rinse water on potted plants. Oddly enough, the sudsy dish water keeps most common plant pests at bay! I’m investigating now how to re-channel my shower drain to a cistern so I can water my outdoor garden with “reclaimed” shower water.

Debra lives in 320 square feet - July 29, 2011 Reply

This is a great post! At first glance, it ma seem irrelevant, however it was one of my main concerns when we built our house. We investigated a tiny dishwasher like this one: http://www.google.com/products/catalog?q=countertop+dishwasher&oe=utf-8&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&client=firefox-a&safe=active&um=1&ie=UTF-8&tbm=shop&cid=9994196727318193958&sa=X&ei=06YyTpS_G4a40gGO2vn3Cw&ved=0CIMBEPMCMAM
But in the end we decided to hand wash. It is actually one of my favorite house cleaning activities! I see real progress in a short time….

In other countries where water is a scarce commodity the The Dip-Cup Technique is one of the preferred methods. I learned how little water you really need to was a tub of dishes!

    anotherkinodfdrew - July 29, 2011 Reply

    Bless you for your kind words. I ADORE your blog and your cottages. My wife and I find inspiration in what y’all did as we are expecting our first child and are anxious to add her to our Tiny r(E)volution!

    Because of our camping experiences we are pretty familiar with washing using minimal water and only a smallish sink. You are right, it is amazing how little water you actually NEED.

alice - July 29, 2011 Reply

It takes a long time to use enough dishes to warrant running a machine if you live alone. You can get a countertop model that takes 4 place settings but why bother for such a small amount? You can also use dishes for more than one purpose before washing, such as using the cup and spoon from your tea to then eat your cereal, or a pot used just for boiling eggs to cook noodles as long as you do it in fairly quick succession. I would never use shower water to wash dishes, once the soap is washed off the shower is over, though if it isn’t too black (like after a day of digging dirt or whatever) I use it for clothes washing instead. I do save the dish rinse water to be the next dish wash water and use only a small amount of water in the first place. I don’t have running water so a dishwasher isn’t an option, but even if I did I wouldn’t bother. My ‘sink’ is two large stainless steel bowls. You can heat the water in them directly over a stove or fire or in other pots or kettles and you can take them anywhere you like to wash dishes. On nice days you can do the dishes in the garden or out on the deck. The dip cup method works great for some stuff, but you could put the water in the largest, least dirty dish and go from there. It’s amazing how little water you use when you use when you carry it in and out.

    Randy - July 29, 2011 Reply

    I’m with you … things are going to have to get mighty bad for me to wash my dishes in shower water. I use less than 24,000 gallons of city water a year so I think that’s one suggestion I can forego! 🙂 And, I’m with you on the dishwasher too. I live alone and it takes a lot of dirty dishes to fill it up and working in a small kitchen I try to keep things tidied up as I go!

    Kat - July 29, 2011 Reply

    Alice, Without running water, what is your method for bathing?
    Thanks!

      alice - July 29, 2011 Reply

      I stand in a galvanised wash tub with shower curtains set up to contain splashing (bottoms tucked into tub) in front of my wash house window with a clear curtain in front so I shower with a view of the trees on the hillside. Hot water comes from an old electric kettle, added to some cold in a plastic solar shower bag hung above the window. I get quite clean using the “navy shower” method, waist length hair and all. Usually takes about 2 or 3 quarts of water. I’m not here full time yet, usually just a week and a couple of weekends a month. A fancier shower(still the solar bag but with a drain to a dry well) is on the drawing board. I got the idea from someplace on this blog, can’t remember the fellow’s name but he used a big Rubbermaid tub to stand in. Sometimes I just do a basin and cloth wash, depends on how grubby I get that day.

        Fred - July 29, 2011 Reply

        If you go to your local farm and feed store, they usually have these great hard rubber animal waterer basins. They make them small (40 gal. – maybe not small by TH standards) to really large. The 40 gal. could probably be used as the bottom of a shower, and will last a lot longer than a thin-walled storage container. Can also be dragged outside to bathe the dog.

Virgil - July 29, 2011 Reply

You forgot another oft-used method…

Put a plastic bowl in the sink, fill it with soapy water. This allows you to run the tap down the sink, for rinsing, while still giving you a deep bowl for soaking in suds. Not the most water-efficient method, but works really well, and you can use the bowl for other things too. it is also safer and less noisy – the plastic of the bowl is soft enough that if you drop something like a glass, it will not break against the bowl (whereas it would if you dropped it in the sink directly).

Lindig Harris - July 29, 2011 Reply

I live in 100sf RV, just to establish tiny-house credentials. I often eat out of the cooking pan and so no dish to wash. If I have a guest (and I can only have one at a time), the cooking pot becomes the dishpan — wash it first and then the other stuff. I use bowls for most meals. Heat just enough water in my electric kettle. Paper plates (not styrofoam!) which can then be burned in a firepit. Most things can be washed in cold water. Wash immediately after dinner so no soaking needed. If I’m not hooked up to electricity, I heat water on propane stove (again, just enough) to wash with and have a spray bottle of clean water to rinse with. No room to spray whole drainer without spraying walls and counters, too. Air-dry everything.

    Randy - July 29, 2011 Reply

    Lindig … sounds like you have this living small down to a science! I like your no waste approach! If you don’t mind my intrusion, may I ask your opinion of living in 100sf? I mean, is it working well for you? Do you find you need a little more room? Just curious. I’m about 2 years into a 5 year plan to downsize from a 1,600sf ranch to either an RV or small cabin – nothing greater than 600sf – and I’m just curious what your opinion of 100sf is? Thanks! Randy Harris (Harris’ are good people!)

      Lindig Harris - July 29, 2011 Reply

      may I ask your opinion of living in 100sf? I mean, is it working well for you? Do you find you need a little more room?

      Hey Randy: I don’t mind the 100sf; been living in this RV for over 3 years now. A little more space would be great but not absolutely necessary. If I could have 200-250sf, I’d be set for life. (and, yes, Harris’ are fabulous).

Andi Zottmann - July 29, 2011 Reply

Forget those study. The truth is:

If you have a dishwasher you will produce a lot more of dirty dishes than when you do so by hand. Simply to avoid doing the boring job of manual dishwashing.

If you do manual dishwashing you think twice using a clean piece and concider reusing your cups & pots as long as its possible.

Conclusion for me: Handwashing is *always* more economic than a machine.

Christina Nellemann - July 29, 2011 Reply

Interesting post! I think, if you are used to going camping, you may have an easier time living in a small space and having to use less water.

I’ve never owned a dishwasher, but I actually enjoy hand washing dishes. I initially use running water to rinse food off the plates and when the water heats up, use just a cup of warm water, biodegradable soap and a sponge to scrub each dish. Since there is no dirty, soapy water in the sink afterward, I can just use the sprayer to rinse each dish.

Christine - July 29, 2011 Reply

I live off-the-grid in Alaska in two tiny houses (a stick framed studio building–144sq. ft) and a 16′ diameter yurt. We have no running water, and all our dishwater comes from rainwater catch barrels under the gutters of the roof of the studio and the wood shed. We live in a fairly arid part of the state, but in the summer two 40 gallon trash barrels keep us in water for washing dishes, ourselves, watering plants, and dog water for two huskies. Can’t believe there’s no mention of rainwater! I’d far prefer it to saving shower water (if I even had a shower…)

TR Kelley - July 29, 2011 Reply

I live in a 150 sq ft. cabin on shared land with other tiny structures and one main house. No refrigeration, cook & heat with wood in the winter, electric burner for tea in the summer. We’re on the wet side of Oregon, so I have unlimited gravity fed water from a stream behind my cabin. Wasting water is not a concern, but i don’t use much anyway, being used to low-tech camping. I cook very simple foods. I take my dish philosophy from my covered wagon foremothers; The kitchen fits into a wooden box: one place setting for each person, a few utensils, a cast iron skillet and a deep pot for boiling water. There are no food scraps, that’s what bread is for, wiping the plate clean. :). A soapy rag, a quick dip in clean water, air dry, put back in the box. Simple is best for me and my tiny space. When i want fancy food, I go to a restaurant :).

TR Kelley - July 29, 2011 Reply

Forgot to say: I have a tiny RV sink that drains to a French well (gravel pit).

frank - July 29, 2011 Reply

“Recycle the shower water”
Thankfully I’ve never eaten at your place, otherwise I’d be puking my guts out now.

    anotherkindofdrew - July 30, 2011 Reply

    Seriously Frank. Don’t read out of context or rather don’t focus on just the bold phrases. The purpose behind this and many blog posts is to explore ALL options. No one option will fit all people. I never said that we reuse shower water or that we boil the toilet bowl water or anything of the like. Rather, it is a method that in some circumstances may be necessary. This would be a boring article if I only talked about what I personally do.

      frank - July 30, 2011 Reply

      If you want to explore all options then don’t forget about putting the dishes on the floor for the dog to lick clean. Seriously, reusing bath water for dish-washing should not be an option at all. The mere fact that you suggest such an idea makes me question your regard for food hygiene/safety.

        anotherkinodfdrew - July 30, 2011 Reply

        To completely avoid an argument that is a bit childish I wish only to remind everyone that there is an obvious difference between ridiculousness and necessity. Boiling water has been a standard of disinfecting water that is far more dangerous than shower water. But again, I digress….

sgl - July 29, 2011 Reply

they’re not mutually exlusive — i do both hand-washing and dish-washer washing.

i hand-wash all pots and pans, because i need them every day. when i’m done cooking but before i start eating, i fill one of the cooking pots with water and soap, to prevent food from getting stuck on. then, after eating, i wash any pots and pans and utensils (eg, chef’s knife) with a scrub brush dipped into the pan with soapy water. then i scrub my dinner plate, bowl, silverware, and put them in the dishwasher. rinse and dry the pots and pans and put them away for the next meal.

about 1-2 times per week, when i run out of dinnerware or silverware (i’m single, so it takes a while), i run the dishwasher. i prefer the dishwasher because the water gets really hot which kills the germs. and it’s mostly full when i do run it.

so, don’t think in terms of either/or. you can use both.

–sgl

Moontreeranch - July 29, 2011 Reply

In our 200 sq ft cabin, Water arrives in a couple 5 gal nalgene jugs. Cast iron skillet never sees soap and just a few oz of water. A Pair of plastic dish pans and a few drops of dr Bronners cover the bowls plates and silver. The dishpans are filled about 1/4 to 1/3. The rinse water of one washing event..1 to 2 days worth becomes the wash water for the next.

four people three dogs and 1 week = about 10 gals

Future plans for longer visits will include a rain catch and “sun shower”. A few “baby wipes” can ease a few days between showers…and then there always is the hot springs down the road a piece.

    Lindig Harris - July 30, 2011 Reply

    Baby wipes are the best! Interim showers. I even clean my floor with them (after sweeping) in lieu of a mop.

Moontreeranch - July 29, 2011 Reply

Oh I forgot…that shower water thing is just NOT RIGHT. Boiling = huge energy draw for what? to still use it…sorry I cant go there.

Anne B - July 29, 2011 Reply

I have had a dishwasher at several houses and rarely or never used them. I don’t like: 1) the noise 2) the faint taste of soap on my glasses 3) the etching of glasses over time 4)the cockroaches that come in when I keep dirty dishes long enough to get a full load [in Arizona at least] 5) the particles of food that still remain stuck on some dishes. I wash dishes in a small dishpan in my sink and dump into a bucket to carry out to the trees. I rinse into the bucket. I use Trader Joe’s dishwashing liquid which doesn’t suds as much as Dawn, but rinses cleaner and is safe for grey water use.

Fred - July 29, 2011 Reply

The reused shower water idea is truly yucky.

However, as others have pointed out, I have been wondering lately why water from my kitchen sink and dishwasher have to go into the septic tank, where that gray water essentially becomes lost to me, and why I couldn’t plumb the effluent from those sources to run outside the house via perforated PVC and water at least all the plants around the base of the house? I would think the water would cool off sufficiently before it reached anything living, and the amount of soap involved would probably not harm the plants, either.

Most importantly, this would save having to pump clean water out of the well, just to water things.

Liz Case - July 29, 2011 Reply

No one’s mentioned this yet, but the FIRST thing to do before washing dishes is to use a rubber spatula to scrape the food off as well as you can; then, if you have a free source of semi-absorbent paper (like newspaper) use pieces of that to wipe the dishes of oil and grease. Put very little water in your dishpan, just enough to wet the dish, and then use a squeeze bottle of water and just a bit of your preferred soap; that way the soap water stays completely clean, and it can just sit at the back of your sink, awaiting your next dirty dish. Clean the dish with a brush-type scrubber (washes cleaner and disinfects easier), rinse the dish (you could use another s

Liz Case - July 29, 2011 Reply

Oops, I hit “return” before the last comment needed: get rid of your paper wipes by burning (if you burn wood anyway) or composting.

cj - July 30, 2011 Reply

Ecover is my preferred dish soap. I have always kept a small dishpan handy, even in a large home (bed & breakfast size). I used my dishwasher as a drainer actually. Now, I tend to go with Lindig’s method.

Victoria - Ozarks Crescent Mural - July 30, 2011 Reply

I don’t use many dishes at a time and I just wash them up right after I eat. I like my kitchen to always be clean. I don’t like doing a pile of dishes all at once or looking at a pile of dirty dishes either. And I think dishwashers are a huge energy- and time-suck.

bill - July 30, 2011 Reply

RECYCLE the shower water , that crazy, quite a puppet show going on in thier head..

alice - July 30, 2011 Reply

So has anybody discovered the ‘perfect’ soap yet? One you can use for hair and body, dishes and laundry, has a loooooong shelf life and isn’t ridiculously expensive and isn’t harmful? Sure would love to stock up on something like that!

    Kat - July 30, 2011 Reply

    I make an organic bar soap…perfect for hair, body, teeth. Dishes and clothing, just a bonus.

      alice - July 31, 2011 Reply

      Is this something you sell or just make for yourself? While rummaging around the net yesterday I ran across Soap Nuts http://www.soapnuts.in/index.html There are lots of sites about them, this is just one.

        Kat - July 31, 2011 Reply

        Yes, I sell them, so far just word of mouth. And, Alice I think we live sort of close to each other. Didn’t you say you’re in B.C. I live just south of the Blaine border crossing.

          alice - August 2, 2011 Reply

          I migrate between Burnaby and Mayne Island, so we’re practically neighbours.

    Rachel P. - August 1, 2011 Reply

    I make my own cold-method soap using olive oil, coconut oil and palm oil. I use it for everything: body soap, shampoo, laundry detergent, dish soap, shaving cream and so on. It stores in a small shoe box on the top shelf of my linen closet and takes maybe half an hour to make a batch. There is lots of information online if you are interested.

Dave - July 30, 2011 Reply

I do not presently live off grid but a good friend did for many years and she had an ingenious method for doing dishes. She had a very lightly soap/water solution in a spray bottle,she’d coat the dish with that, let it sit for a second and scrub away. Her rinse was a spray bottle for a while, but then she happened upon the idea of using a 2 gallon garden sprayer, took the spray wand off and put a kitchen spray attachment on it. Five pumps and away she sprayed, rinsed all of her dishes in the drainer in one go. Also made a great shower, she’d fill up the garden sprayer (she painted it black) a couple hours in the arizona sun and she had a hot shower.

    Lindig - August 1, 2011 Reply

    Yep, that sprayer with soapy water is another good idea and I do that when I’m on the road a lot. And I’ll give that 2gal sprayer a thought, though I don’t really have room for it next to my sink. One of the things I have to watch for in my rinse sprayer is algae build-up, but it’s clear so I can see it happening. Is the garden sprayer clear? I’ll check one out next time I go shopping.

    Timaree - August 1, 2011 Reply

    Now that sprayer sounds like a great idea if you are doing without a pump or city water! I’ll tuck that thought away for the future.

Rachel P. - August 1, 2011 Reply

Dish washing by hand was argued to be less economical than machine not that long ago and I always found that to be laughable. Scraping the plates and bowls before washing saves the water from being too dirty after just a few dishes, using a basin rather than the sink to hold the water allows the water to be used on the vegetable garden after wards and rinsing by dipping the clean but soapy dish in a small basin of water saves water as well. I learned these methods from my grandmother and a friend who lived with a rainwater cistern.

Hank - August 1, 2011 Reply

It has been well studied that using a dishwasher vs. hand washing that those that use them have fewer colds. It produces grey water, just like the closewasher. USE IT…. We have an 18″ Kenmore unit – works for the two of us.

Rick - August 1, 2011 Reply

One thing not mentioned is the understanding of ‘detergent’ action. Detergents are agents that dilute in a solution, emulsify attached particles and mix them in suspension, and carry away the unwanted debris suspended in the solution. In the case of dish washing, the detergent removes the food particles, mixes them in with the water and keeps them in suspension long enough so that the solution can be dumped. Dishwashing in your shower would be washing dishes with water containing particles (in suspension)from your body (dirt, skin particles and body oils and chemicals and possible urine and fecal items)on to dishes in the hope that the detergent action suspends all this debris and keeps it suspended until dumping out. The key is how well the chosen detergent does it’s job of keeping the ‘unwanteds’ in suspension. Generally, the more the bubbles, the more the suspension is maintained. Also, as water is kept hotter, maintaining suspension is not such a problem; but as water cools it’s ability to maintain suspension decreases and leaves behind the undesireables, attaching to the container and anything in it. Washing in hot water and rinsing with hot water is the most complete and desireable insurance that what was washed is indeed clean and disinfected from any remailing debris.

Becky - August 2, 2011 Reply

We recently moved into our new (to us) tiny house. It’s about 200sf with a loft. We finally got a sink in a week ago and it is a tiny, single bowl sink. I am loving all the ideas I am finding on here. Learning to wash, with no running water and very little space can be challenging.

I have a couple of tricks. My son is 3 and always wanting some milk or juice or water. Instead of using a new cup every time, we rinse and reuse the cup so he only uses two or so cups instead of six or seven throughout the day. I do the same with my morning tea cup. If only I could get my husband to do it too.

I heat 5 cups of water in an electric kettle for my hot water and mix it with a bit of cold in the sink. I wash one dish then rinse it right into my wash water. By the time I am done I have only used about 20 cups of water. I have a hard time wringing under the spout of our water jug though and I like the idea of using a spray bottle to write, it would use a lot less water and be more convenient.

A couple of notes: sink water is considered black water because you wash dishes contaminated with things like raw chicken and other bacteria laden stuff.

Although I am blessed to live in an area with an abundance of clean water, I completely agree with reusing shower water. Boiling it, at least in the winter, with wood heat would pose no problem. Be grateful we have the option of using wash and drinking water that our neighbors haven’t defecated in upstream.

Jamie - August 3, 2011 Reply

Oh boy! I’m also gagging at the suggestion of re-using the shower water for dish water. Ha ha! Otherwise, there are some nice tips in there. I hand wash my dishes, and I often just fill one of the dirty bowls or mugs with dish soap and water and repeatedly dip my sponge into this to wash the other dishes. Saves a lot of water and soap both.

alice - August 4, 2011 Reply

This may or may not be handy for some people, saw a Coleman sink doodad that packs down small, has wash, rinse and drain pans and includes a battery operated sprayer you could probably adapt to solar.It’s called an All-in-one portable sink. http://www.coleman.com/coleman/ColemanCom/detail.asp?CategoryID=10400&product_id=2000006858 Pricy little thing but takes care of a lot of the dish washing tools in a small package.

Norm - August 4, 2011 Reply

I’ve been using the garden sprayer technique for many years now. I bought a stainless steel one so that I can heat it up on the stove. I fill it only to what I anticipate needing, before applying heat. After pumping it up you have pressurized hot water.

It can also be used to wash your hair.

The model I have has a multi-positon spray nozzle and a squeeze handle. It needs one modification. The hose is designed to resist noxious chemicals and thus is no doubt noxious itself. Remove the hose and substitute food grade vinyl tubing of equal diameter, cinching it down with small diameter automotive hose clamps.

A further tip. Get a two gallon SS pot with lid and fill it with water and a very small amount of bleach. Dip your rinsed dishes, pots, utensils, etc in this as a final step. The lid keeps out undesirables and so it only needs to be refreshed occasionally.

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